At KL Dermatologist – Medical or general dermatology services typically involve the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment for diseases of the skin, hair, lips and mouth. As internal diseases can also affect the skin, trained medical dermatologists at KL Dermatologist will take the time to analyse the affected area through a visual examination and then treat the patient’s condition.
As the human skin is the largest organ of the body, and serves as a way to filter what goes in and out of the body, there are different internal and external factors that can affect the health and condition of a person’s skin. Medical dermatologists are familiar with all of these issues, and they are able to use their broad knowledge base to create a diagnosis and treatment plan that best helps their patients deal with the skin condition they have.
Skin conditions that you can seek a medical dermatologist’s help range from things like acne, eczema, alopecia areata, bacterial skin infections, keloids, psoriasis and even viral warts. If you are experiencing skin concerns or issues, contact our friendly and courteous staff at KL Dermatologist Clinic today to set up your first appointment. You will receive a screening, visual inspection, and have the opportunity to discuss any skin care questions or issues that you may have. Below are just some of the common issues that we at KL Dermatologist are experienced with:
Acne (also called acne vulgaris) is a common skin condition that affects both teenagers and adults. It affects the skin’s oil glands and hair follicles. Small holes in the skin called pores connect to oil glands under the skin via canals called follicles. The oil glands make an oily substance called sebum while inside hair follicles, oil carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin as waste. These follicles have hair growing out of the skin as well. Sometimes hair, dead cells and sebum clump together into a plug, clogging the follicle and bacteria grows on the plug. This causes a swelling under the skin surface which eventually turns into acne. Acne primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. Acne is usually not a serious health threat. However, if left untreated or if treated poorly it can cause scarring.
Eczema comes from the Greek term meaning “to boil over”. Thus Eczema is the term for a group of chronic skin conditions causing the skin to become inflamed or irritated. Eczema is also sometimes referred to as “atopic dermatitis” as the word “atopic” is Greek for hereditary allergy and “dermatitis” comes from the Greek work for “skin”. People with atopic eczema have an increased chance of developing other atopic conditions, such as asthma and hay fever. Eczema often affects infants and children although some adults do develop eczema as well. At times, children who grow out of the disease often face it again in adulthood. Eczema ranges from mild (skin is dry, scaly, red and itchy) to more severe cases (weeping, crusting and bleeding). Eczema affects both genders although some people are predisposed to inheriting the disease if their parents have it as well.
Pregnancy Skin Conditions
During pregnancy, the woman’s body goes through many physical changes, some of which affect her skin. Many expectant moms experience skin conditions, or a worsening of existing skin conditions during their pregnancy. During pregnancy, the body produces a significant amount of hormones and has a higher blood flow through the blood vessels. This gives pregnant women their characteristic “rosy glow” but also other skin conditions that are not as complimentary to her appearance. These include blotches on skin, higher amount of acne, spider angiomas, dark spots on breasts, nipples and inner thighs, stretch marks, linea negra, spider and varicose veins among others. Many of these skin conditions are considered normal during pregnancy and usually disappear soon after birth when the hormones and blood flow settle back to prepregnancy levels.
Bacterial Skin Infections
Bacterial skin infections can cause painful boils on the body, and occasionally blisters as well. In children, impetigo is a common condition that is highly contagious and requires effective antibiotic therapy. Some patients have recurrent bacterial infections involving the hair follicles, and this causes pimple-like bumps to appear on areas such as the scalp and buttocks.
Superficial fungal skin infections are commonly caused by dermatophytes and yeasts. Dermatophyte infections, otherwise known as ringworm, affects people of all ages and can involve the scalp, hair, face, limbs, trunk or nails. Yeast infections include tinea/pityriasis versicolor (“white spots”) and candidal infections in warm moist body areas. There are various effective topical and oral medications that can eradicate these fungal infections.
Keloids are scars that develop at the site of skin injury that result from trauma, surgery, friction, injections and previous inflammation. They represent an excess of scar tissue formation that grows beyond the boundaries of the wound. Keloids can be itchy or painful. Some people are more prone to keloid formation than others. Common sites of keloid formation are the chest, upper back, shoulders, jawline, and ears. Keloids cannot be removed, but there are some treatments aimed at alleviating the itch or pain, and assist in flattening the scars.
Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease that affects the skin, nails and occasionally the joints as well. Psoriasis presents on the skin as red plaques with dry whitish thick scales that may flake off. These plaques can occur anywhere on the body, and can be particularly thick and unsightly on the scalp. Psoriasis can result in considerable psychological distress as it is a chronic condition that is often aggravated by illness or stress. Nail changes include nail pitting, lifting off of the nail from the nail bed (onycholysis) and changes in colour of the nail plate. There are now many available treatment modalities for psoriasis, depending on the severity of disease and whether there is associated joint involvement. These include topical therapies, phototherapy, oral medications and medications injected into the skin, muscle or vein.
We at KL Dermatologist also specialise in various Aesthetic or cosmetic dermatology is focussed on protecting, maintaining and restoring skin health and appearance using medical treatments. It involves the treatment of a variety of conditions including acne scars, age spots, facial and spider veins, milia, pigmentation, wrinkles and unwanted hair. Its primary purpose is to improve a person’s appearance by reducing or eliminating imperfections. The majority of these imperfections are related to the skin, in particular the face, while a few treatments address the nails, scalp and hair.
Some forms of aesthetic dermatology may address chronic skin conditions such as eczema and acne. These can be treated via chemical peels or light therapy. Other skin conditions such as spider veins can be removed via laser treatments. Botox injections are a common cosmetic procedure to address signs of ageing, such as multiple fine lines or wrinkles.
The skin suffers from wear and tear with use and with time. The causes of wear and tear can be divided into intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic wear and tear occurs with the passage of time and varies according to the person’s genetic factors. Extrinsic wear and tear occurs through exposure to external factors such as Sun exposure, smoking and environmental pollution. Aesthetic dermatology treatments emphasise on restoring the health and appearance of the skin that occurs through both intrinsic and extrinsic wear and tear.
Acne Scar Removal
Stubborn Acne mark removal is also something that we at KL Dermatologist specialise in.
Birth Mark & Tattoo Removal
Birth Mark & Tattoo Removal service is also something that we at KL Dermatologist specialise in.
Skin Pigmentation refers to the colouring of the skin and this colouring is affected by the deposition of the pigment called melanin, which in turn is produced by specialised cells called melanocytes. Damaged or unhealthy melanin cells caused their production to be affected and causes skin pigmentation disorders. Some pigmentation disorders affect only certain areas or patches of your skin while others affect the whole body. Skin pigmentation disorders affects people of all races, genders and ages.
A chemical peel is a cosmetic technique that is used to improve the appearance of the skin. This aesthetic technique is usually used around the skin on the face, neck or hands to smoothen the texture of the skin in those regions through a process of regeneration. Chemical solutions of different types can be applied on the skin, causing the skin in those areas to exfoliate and peel off. The resulting surface wound heals and regenerates new tissues which are usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin.
The several types of chemical solutions that are safe for use on skin include glycolic acid with alpha hydroxy acids (AHA), trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and Jessner’s solution (lactic and salicylic acid).
Our experienced dermatologist at Kl Dermatologist also specialise in various surgical dermatology procedures. Some of the routinely carried our surgical dermatology procedures are as listed below.
Excision of moles, epidermal cysts and other benign skin lesions can be performed on any part of the body. A mole or other skin lesion that seems atypical, changes in size and appearance, bleeds, is asymmetrical, is not uniform in colour, or has irregular edges should be examined by an experienced doctor for early diagnosis and treatment.
We also do epidermal cysts and other benign skin lesions removals from any part of the body at KL Dermatologist.
Skin Growth Removal
Another common procedure that we at KL Dermatologist do is Skin Growth Removal.
Skin tags (also known as acrochordons, cutaneous papilloma, cutaneous tag among other names) are small, benign growths that are attached to the underlying skin by a thin stalk. They are formed by a layer of fibre, blood vessels and collaged wrapped in a thin layer of epidermis. They are very common and generally occur after midlife, on overweight people and pregnant women. Both men and women are equally affected and a person can develop hundreds of skin tags during their lifetime.
Skin tags can occur anywhere on the body, but are especially prone to developing around folds of skin, where skin rubs on skin (such as eyelids, neck, armpits, groin or underneath breasts) or areas of the body that frequently rubs against clothing (such as on the back, along hips and the back of the neck). Skin tags most often appear brownish or flesh-toned. They start of as small raised bumps, but grow larger with repeated friction on the area. Some skin tags fall off over time painlessly whilst others grow bigger until they burst under pressure.